En Ethiopie, Amnesty International et Human Rights Watch dénoncent des crimes contre l’humanité au Tigré occidental

Dans un rapport conjoint rendu public mercredi 6 avril, les deux organisations de défense des droits de l’homme parlent d’un nettoyage ethnique systématique mené à l’encontre des Tigréens de cette région depuis le début de la guerre, en novembre 2020.

Par Noé Hochet-Bodin(Addis Abeba, correspondance)

Des personnes ayant fui la guerre sévissant au Tigré, dans un camp de réfugiés, à Debark, en Ethiopie, en septembre 2021.
Des personnes ayant fui la guerre sévissant au Tigré, dans un camp de réfugiés, à Debark, en Ethiopie, en septembre 2021. AMANUEL SILESHI / AFP

« Nous allons vous effacer de cette terre, ceci est notre terre, c’est la dernière fois qu’un Tigréen y vivra », promettait, en novembre 2020, un soldat des forces spéciales de la région Amhara à un habitant tigréen qui fuyait les persécutions. Ce message sans équivoque est au cœur du rapport conjoint rendu public, mercredi 6 avril, par Amnesty International et Human Rights Watch (HRW) : intitulé « Le Tigré occidental est le théâtre de crimes contre l’humanité », il fait état d’un nettoyage ethnique méthodique à l’encontre des Tigréens du Tigré occidental.

Dans cette enquête de 220 pages, pour laquelle 427 entretiens ont été réalisés sur quinze mois, figurent d’autres phrases du même genre, certaines déshumanisantes, d’autres appelant directement à la déportation et au meurtre de masse. Comme à Adebai, en juillet 2021, dans un centre de détention informel de la ville où sont enfermés des Tigréens. Un garde, allié aux forces amharas qui contrôlent désormais le Tigré occidental, lance aux prisonniers : « Vous, Tigréens, vous ne méritez pas de respirer, vous ne devriez pas vivre, vous n’êtes pas humains. » Lire aussi : Ethiopie : un convoi d’aide humanitaire, le premier en trois mois, va entrer au Tigré

Au centre de ce qu’Amnesty et HRW décrivent comme « des crimes de guerre et des crimes contre l’humanité » se trouve le Tigré occidental (ou Wolkait), une bande de terre de 12 000 km2. Ce territoire fait, ou plutôt faisait, partie de la région du Tigré depuis 1991.

Lorsque, à cette date, le Front de libération du peuple du Tigré (TPLF) le rattache au Tigré, il y installe des milliers de Tigréens et y mène une réforme agraire à marche forcée, avantageant les membres du parti, qui deviennent de grands propriétaires fonciers. Des milliers d’Amharas fuient : par dissidence politique ou après la spoliation de leurs terres.

Destructions, expropriations et discours de haine

Quand la guerre civile éclate entre le TPLF et le gouvernement fédéral du premier ministre Abiy Ahmed, en novembre 2020, les groupes nationalistes amharas tiennent leur revanche. Ils parviennent à s’emparer du Wolkait en quelques jours, avant, comme le montre le travail des deux ONG, de tout faire pour en effacer la présence tigréenne. Le Monde, qui s’est rendu à deux reprises dans ce territoire – entre novembre 2020 et juillet 2021 –, a pu y constater les destructions et les expropriations, ainsi qu’un discours de haine ciblant les Tigréens.

Les intimidations ont commencé dès la conquête, en novembre 2020, peut-on lire dans le rapport. « A partir de maintenant, rien ne s’appelle plus Tigré ici, menaçait alors un commandant des forces spéciales amharas, le major Dejene Maru, devant une foule composée de Tigréens dans la ville d’Ali Goshu. Ne vous attendez pas [à un retour de] l’administration précédente (…). Ici, c’est Amhara désormais. » Lire aussi : Article réservé à nos abonnés En Ethiopie, un premier pas vers une paix compliquée

Cette localité à majorité tigréenne n’imaginait pas que, trois mois plus tard, le 17 janvier 2021, ces mêmes forces spéciales amharas allaient y massacrer une soixantaine de personnes, de sang-froid, en représailles à une défaite sur le champ de bataille. Cette exécution de masse a eu lieu le long de la rivière Tekeze.

L’un des survivants décrit la cruauté des bourreaux. Ainsi, pour achever les détenus, l’un des commandants amharas ordonne à ses hommes : « Les Tigréens, ça ne meurt pas facilement… tirez encore ! » La Tekeze deviendra tristement célèbre en août 2021, lorsque 136 corps de détenus tigréens seront repêchés du côté soudanais de la frontière.

Une vaste campagne de déportation

« Notre objectif était d’établir l’ampleur de ce qui s’est passé, explique Jean-Baptiste Gallopin, chercheur pour Amnesty International. Nous avons découvert que la campagne de nettoyage ethnique était systématique. L’ensemble des témoignages nous permet de dire que les crimes contre les Tigréens étaient généralisés et systématiques. »

Le « nettoyage ethnique » du Tigré occidental, terme utilisé dès mars 2021 par le secrétaire d’Etat américain Antony Blinken, a été planifié et exécuté. « Les nouvelles autorités amharas, les miliciens et les forces spéciales ont mis tout en œuvre pour déplacer les populations tigréennes », poursuit M. Gallopin. Lire aussi Ethiopie : « Ce qui se passe au Tigré est sans aucun doute une catastrophe humanitaire »

Les massacres, tortures, détentions arbitraires, viols, expropriations et pillages sont énumérés dans le rapport, qui raconte aussi la terreur imposée au quotidien : l’interdiction de parler en langue tigrinya ou d’obtenir des papiers d’identité.

Etape-clé du nettoyage ethnique, la campagne de déportation, en partie effectuée par bus, a déplacé au moins 723 000 Tigréens vers le reste de la région entre novembre 2020 et juin 2021. Dans la ville de Humera, un administrateur amhara déclare, avec cynisme, devant les habitants que « si les Tigréens le veulent, ils peuvent prendre la décision de partir d’eux-mêmes, sinon nous pouvons aussi les déporter… ».

Les deux ONG incriminent également l’armée fédérale d’Abiy Ahmed. « Les forces fédérales sont complices, participant parfois à des rafles, tenant des checkpoints empêchant les Tigréens de fuir, ou encore procédant au bombardement de zones civiles », observe M. Gallopin.

Alors qu’il est en opération reconquête sur la scène internationale après plus d’une année de conflit, le gouvernement d’Addis-Abeba répondra-t-il à ces accusations ? Amnesty International et HRW précisent que les détentions se poursuivent encore aujourd’hui au Tigré occidental dans « des conditions létales ».

Noé Hochet-Bodin(Addis Abeba, correspondance)

https://www.lemonde.fr/afrique/article/2022/04/06/ethiopie-amnesty-international-et-human-rights-watch-denoncent-des-crimes-contre-l-humanite-au-tigre-occidental_6120765_3212.html

From Tigray to Ukraine, no to war, no to imperialism! International solidarity! Peace to the huts, war to the palaces!

እስከ ኡክሬይን፣እምቢ ለጦርነት፣እምቢ ለአጤነት።አለምአቀፋዊ አጋርነት!
ሰላም ለጎጆዎች! ጦርነት ለቤተመንግስቶች!
ከትግራይ እስከ ኡክሬይን፣እምቢ ለጦርነት፣እምቢ ለአጤነት።አለምአቀፋዊ አጋርነት! ሰላም ለጎጆዎች! ጦርነት ለቤተመንግስቶች!

This Thursday, February 24, 2022, Humanity witnessed live on all television channels the brutal aggression of Ukraine by the armies of Russian imperialism leaded by Putin. They witness, dazed, the bombardments and the unleashing of the war.

This sad spectacle, the people of Tigray know it too well: it has been part of their daily life for more than 1 year and half now, since Ethiopian imperialism launched its offensive by invading Tigray.

This does not mean that the government of Tigray is beyond reproach or a model of respect for human rights and democracy. But it must be recognized that it is the same imperialist logic that is implemented by Ethiopia as Russia. However, in the Horn of Africa, the horrors of war can continue because they take place in the almost general indifference of international public opinion.

Ethiopia to wage its dirty war enjoys the support of a number of countries that provide military aid. For instance Turkey, a member of NATO, sold Bayraktar TB-2 military drones to the Ethiopian government. The drone’s motors are made in Ukraine, in Kiev. The government of Ukraine – despite being under the threat of an imperialism – did not hesitate to send mercenary-technicians to teach the imperialist Ethiopian army how to use the military drones against Tigray population.

However, we know that those who cause wars are not those who die from. We do not confuse the population with the government. It is us, the workers, the students, the farmers, the people who live in simple cottages who are always the victims of the wars started by the elites, the governments and the bourgeoisie, who are always well sheltered in their palaces.

Also, even though the Ukrainian government sold to the Ethiopian one, weapons which are used to increase the genocide in Tigray, we must oppose with all our might the imperialist aggression of the Russian government against the people in Ukraine.

Just as we stand in solidarity with those in Russia who say « no to war » and refuse to obey imperialist delirium.

From Tigray to Ukraine, no to war, no to imperialism! International solidarity! Welcoming refugees!

As the Russian and Ukrainian anti-militarists say: Peace to the cottages, war to the palaces!

Anarchists from the Horn of Africa and  CNT-AIT (France)  contact@cnt-ait.info    http://www.cnt-ait.info

BOYCOTT ETHIOPIAN COFFEE, SOURCE OF CURRENCY FOR THE ETHIOPIAN GOVERN-MENT FOR THE PURCHASE OF WEAPONS

http://bloodycoffee.org

http://bloodycoffee.org

Turkish Ukrainian Military drone Bayraktar TB-2

Du Tigré à l’Ukraine, non à la guerre, non à l’impérialisme !
Solidarité internationale ! Paix aux chaumières, guerre aux palais !

ከትግራይ እስከ ኡክሬይን፣እምቢ ለጦርነት፣እምቢ ለአጤነት።አለምአቀፋዊ አጋርነት! ሰላም ለጎጆዎች! ጦርነት ለቤተመንግስቶች!
ካብ ትግራይ ክሳዕ ኡክሬን፣ እንቢ ንዂናት፣ እንቢ ንሃጸይነት።  ዓለምለኻዊ ኣጋርነት!
ንኣጉዶታት ሰላም!  ንቤተመንግስታት ዂናት!

Ce jeudi 24 février 2022, l’Humanité a assisté en direct sur toutes les chaines de télévision à l’aggression brutale de l’Ukraine par les armées de l’impérialisme Russe dirigée par Poutine. Ils assistent, hébétés, aux bombardements et au déchainement de la guerre.

Ce triste spectacle, la population du Tigré le connais bien : il faiit partie de son quotidien depuis plus de 1 an et demi, depuis que l’impérialisme éthiopien a lancé son offensive en envahissant le Tigré.

Cela ne veut pas dire que le gouvernement du Tigré soit irréprochable ni un modèle de respect des droits de l’homme et de la démocratie. Mais il faut bien reconnaitre que c’est la même logique impérialiste qui est mise en œuvre par l’Ethiopie comme la Russie. Toutefois dans la Corne de l’Afrique, les horreurs de la guerre peuvent se poursuivre car elles se déroulent dans l’indifférence quasi générale de l’opinion publique internationale.

L’Ethiopie pour mener sa sale guerre bénéficie de l’appui d’un certain nombre de pays qui fournissent de l’aide militaire. Ainsi la Turquie, membre de l’ OTAN, vend au gouvernement Ethiopien des drones militaires Bayraktar TB-2 dont les moteurs sont fabriqués en Ukraine, à Kiev. Le gouvernement d’Ukraine qui – bien qu’il soit lui-même sous la menace d’un impérialisme – n’a pas hésité à assurer le service après-vente et à envoyer des techniciens mercenaires pour apprendre à l’armée impérialiste éthiopienne à se servir de ces drones contre les populations au Tigré.

Cependant nous savons que ceux qui sont la cause des guerres ne sont pas ceux qui meurent. Nous ne confondons pas la population avec le gouvernement.

C’est nous, travailleurs, les étudiants, les agriculteurs, les gens qui habitent des simples chaumières  qui sommes toujours les victimes des guerres déclenchées par nos élites , nos gouvernements et notre bourgeoisie, lesquelles sont toujours bien à l’abri dans leurs palais.

Aussi, même si le gouvernement Ukrainien a vendu à celui d’Ethiopie des armes qui sont utilisées pour augmenter le génocide au Tigré, nous devons nous opposer de toutes nos forces à l’agression impérialiste du gouvernement russe contre la population en Ukraine.

De même que nous nous solidarisons avec ceux qui en Russie disent « non à la guerre » et refusent d’obéir au délire impérialiste.

Du Tigré à l’Ukraine, non à la guerre, non à l’impérialisme ! Solidarité internationale ! Accueil des réfugiés !

Comme disent les antimilitaristes russes et ukrainiens  : Paix aux chaumières, guerre aux palais !

Anarchistes de la Corne de l’Afrique et CNT-AIT (France)    contact@cnt-ait.info    http://www.cnt-ait.info

BOYCOTTEZ LE CAFE ETHIOPIEN, SOURCE DE DEVISE DU GOUVERNEMENT ETHIOPIEN POUR L’ACHAT D’ARMES

 http://bloodycoffee.org

Drone militaire turco-ukrainien Bayraktar TB-2

ከትግራይ እስከ ኡክሬይን፣እምቢ ለጦርነት፣እምቢ ለአጤነት።አለምአቀፋዊ አጋርነት! ሰላም ለጎጆዎች! ጦርነት ለቤተመንግስቶች!

ካብ ትግራይ ክሳዕ ኡክሬን፣ እንቢ ንዂናት፣ እንቢ ንሃጸይነት። ዓለምለኻዊ ኣጋርነት! ንኣጉዶታት ሰላም! ንቤተመንግስታት ዂናት!

This Thursday, February 24, 2022, Humanity witnessed live on all television channels the brutal aggression of Ukraine by the armies of Russian imperialism leaded by Putin. They witness, dazed, the bombardments and the unleashing of the war.

This sad spectacle, the people of Tigray know it too well: it has been part of their daily life for More than 1 year and half now, since Ethiopian imperialism launched its offensive by invading Tigray.

This does not mean that the government of Tigray is beyond reproach or a model of respect for human rights and democracy. But it must be recognized that it is the same imperialist logic that is implemented by Ethiopia as Russia. However, in the Horn of Africa, the horrors of war can continue because they take place in the almost general indifference of international public opinion.

Ethiopia to wage its dirty war enjoys the support of a number of countries that provide military aid. For instance Turkey, a member of NATO, sold military drones to the Ethiopian governement. The drone’s motors are made in Ukraine. The government of Ukraine – despite being under the threat of an imperialism – did not hesitate to send mercenary-technicians to teach the imperialist Ethiopian army how to use the military drones against Tigray population.

However, we know that those who cause wars are not those who die. We do not confuse the population with the government. It is the workers, the students, the farmers, the people who live in simple cottages who are always the victims of the wars started by their elites, their governments and their bourgeoisie, who are always well sheltered in their palaces.

Also, even though the Ukrainian government sold to the Ethiopian one, weapons which are used to increase the genocide in Tigray, we must oppose with all our might the imperialist aggression of the Russian government against the people in Ukraine.

Just as we stand in solidarity with those in Russia who say « no to war » and refuse to obey imperialist delirium.

From Tigray to Ukraine, no to war, no to imperialism! International solidarity! Welcoming refugees!

As the Russian and Ukrainian anti-militarists say: Peace to the cottages, war to the palaces!

Anarchists from the Horn of Africa and  CNT-AIT (France) 

BOYCOTT ETHIOPIAN COFFEE ! http://bloodycoffee.org

contact@cnt-ait.info    http://www.cnt-ait.info

ከትግራይ እስከ ኡክሬይን፣እምቢ ለጦርነት፣እምቢ ለአጤነት።አለምአቀፋዊ አጋርነት! ሰላም ለጎጆዎች! ጦርነት ለቤተመንግስቶች!

ካብ ትግራይ ክሳዕ ኡክሬን፣ እንቢ ንዂናት፣ እንቢ ንሃጸይነት።  ዓለምለኻዊ ኣጋርነት!
ንኣጉዶታት ሰላም!  ንቤተመንግስታት ዂናት!

This Thursday, February 24, 2022, Humanity witnessed live on all television channels the brutal aggression of Ukraine by the armies of Russian imperialism leaded by Putin. They witness, dazed, the bombardments and the unleashing of the war.

This sad spectacle, the people of Tigray know it too well: it has been part of their daily life for More than 1 year and half now, since Ethiopian imperialism launched its offensive by invading Tigray.

This does not mean that the government of Tigray is beyond reproach or a model of respect for human rights and democracy. But it must be recognized that it is the same imperialist logic that is implemented by Ethiopia as Russia. However, in the Horn of Africa, the horrors of war can continue because they take place in the almost general indifference of international public opinion.

Ethiopia to wage its dirty war enjoys the support of a number of countries that provide military aid. For instance Turkey, a member of NATO, sold military drones to the Ethiopian governement. The drone’s motors are made in Ukraine. The government of Ukraine – despite being under the threat of an imperialism – did not hesitate to send mercenary-technicians to teach the imperialist Ethiopian army how to use the military drones against Tigray population.

However, we know that those who cause wars are not those who die. We do not confuse the population with the government. It is the workers, the students, the farmers, the people who live in simple cottages who are always the victims of the wars started by their elites, their governments and their bourgeoisie, who are always well sheltered in their palaces.

Also, even though the Ukrainian government sold to the Ethiopian one, weapons which are used to increase the genocide in Tigray, we must oppose with all our might the imperialist aggression of the Russian government against the people in Ukraine.

Just as we stand in solidarity with those in Russia who say « no to war » and refuse to obey imperialist delirium.

From Tigray to Ukraine, no to war, no to imperialism! International solidarity! Welcoming refugees!

As the Russian and Ukrainian anti-militarists say: Peace to the cottages, war to the palaces!

Anarchists from the Horn of Africa and  CNT-AIT (France) 

BOYCOTT ETHIOPIAN COFFEE ! http://bloodycoffee.org

contact@cnt-ait.info    http://www.cnt-ait.info

Colombia, Ethiopia … there is blood in my coffee

Amidst general indifference, a genocide is underway in Tigray (a current province in Ethiopia), perpetrated by the Ethiopian army and its allies of the miliias and the Erythrean army … the UN has declared that already 350,000 people are in a state of famine as a result of the conflict, and soon 2 million people could in turn be victims. Numerous reports from human rights organizations mention atrocities committed by the armies, in particular the widespread use of rape.

In Colombia, the military police (ESMAD) and death squads massacre the population which revolts against poverty and corruption … Since the begining of the revolt, on april 28th, more than 70 people (june 2021) have been killed by the police, and 2300 have been injured. Human rights organizations reported hundreds of case of violence, kidnapping, sexual assault and rape from police and alikes against demonstrators.

By purchasing coffee from Colombia or Ethiopia (even from so-called « small producers »), you finance these two States which massacre the populations which demand more freedom and more social justice.

We must dismantle the Colombian or Ethiopian states’ ability to wage this war. One way is to cut into one of the state’s biggest source of direct funding and foreign currency revenue : coffee. The importing corporation regularly engages in direct negotiations with the State, whose direct control of trademark licensing and access to markets puts millions into the government’s coffers. Those in solidarity around the world must take action to cut off this flow while the massacres continues.

Don’t be fooled by the rationale about « small producers », which would be different from the big corporates. To export coffee from Colombia or from Ethiopia, exporters need capital, ressources and links with the State’s institution, to which only big producers have access to. The traditional coffee growers dont have the ressources to export. this is true in all regions of the world, and especially in Ethiopia and Colombia All exports of coffee from both those countries benefit to local bourgeoisie, which is hidding behind the masks of « small producers », and the income in foreign currency that export generates is transformed by the State into purchases of weapons used agaisnt the people.

WHAT CAN I DO ?

Individually, I can stop buying coffee from Colombia or Ethiopia.

I can stay informed about the situation in those regions, even if mainstream medias dont talk much about it. There are plenty of independant media ressources on the internet.

I can relay information to my family, neighboors, friends and colleagues by talking, printing leaflet, spreading news on the social networks, ..

I can print and put stickers on the coffee bags in shops and supermarket, calling not to buy coffee from Colombia and Ethiopia.

I can start or join solidarity groups with oter people that are willing to participate to the campaign.

Collectively,, with few friends, we can initiate solidarity groups, to inform and agitate amongst the people by flyering,banner drops, … about the situation in Tigray and Colombia, to raise awareness and call to solidarity.

We can hold pickets in front of coffee shop, especially the global brands who are amongst the biggest purcasers of coffee, in order to raise awareness maongst their consumers. We can ask the workers of those coffee shop – who are often young exploited with bad working conditions – to join us in this battle against global explotation.

By exposing the genocidal policies in Colombia and Ethiopia, we can contribute to curb the level of violence. But it is only a grass root movement, from the people themselves in the concerned region, that will have the capacity to stop the State’s violence by overthrowing it and replace it by a self-managed society based on freedom and egality. And this is true in any country.

Every step, even small, is a positive contribution into the global solidarity march against totalitarism and toward freedom. Let’s join us !

More info: http://bloodycoffee.org

#bloodycoffee

To know more about the genocide in Tigray : @HornAnarchists

To know-more about the massacres in Colombia : https://www.facebook.com/groups/ULETsindical

En español : http://bloodycoffee.org/?page_id=29

en français : http://bloodycoffee.org/?page_id=32

Campaign initiated by the International Workers Association section in France in support of ULET-AIT (Colombia) and አናርካዊያን ነን/ኢና!( Anarchists from the horn of Africa)

#SayNoToWarEthiopia – Somali

Download printable PDF

Askarta oo difaca qaranka ku jiro Dagaalka ha gelin Qoraalka qabyo militariga diid! Madaxdeena waxay nagu hayaan ciqaab (dhibaato) iyo murugo. Waxaad dhiigaaga siin doontaa iyaga oo ku nool daaraha waaweyn ee dagaalka ka fog.

Ha tagin oo ha dagaalin, naftaada khatar ha gelin. Ka fikir xaaskaaga, caruurtaada, qoyskaaga! Dagaal kasta, cidda uu doono ha yeeltee cidda uu ka hortagayo, waa dadka caadiga ah ee dhimanaya, halka hoggaamiyeyaasha iyo qoysaskooduba ay nabad qabaan oo dagaalka ka faa’iideysanayaan. Haddii maamulku doonayo inuu dagaallamo, waa inay safka hore aadaan laftooda koowaad! Qoriga tuura, dagaalka diid!

#SayNoToWarEthiopia

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SayNoToWarEthiopia – Afaan Oromo

SayNoToWarEthiopia – አማርኛ

#SayNoToWarEthiopia – Afaan Oromo

Download a printable version

Kabajamtoota miseensota raayyaa ittisa biyyaa, poolisii, hidhataa gandaa fi kkf, dhimmi duula tigray irratti hirmaachuu dhiisuu ilaallata.

Hin Duulinaa!

Gaggeesittotni keenya rakkoo fi gadadoon akka jiraannu nu godhu. Isaan ofii isaanitii jireenya miidhagaa fi miidhaan irra hin geenye keessa tahaanii adda waraanaa irraa fagatanii ta’anii jiru. Gara waraanatti him deeminaa, lubbuu keessan du’aaf hin saaxilina. Wayee ijoollee, haadha warraa fi maatii keessanii yaadaa. Waraana kamuu keessatti eenyus mo’ate eenyu kan miidhamu? uummatuma misgiina. Maatiin gaggeesitootaa garuu homaa him tahan ittuu waraana irraa fayyadamoo tahu malee. Motummaan yoo waraana fedhe ofii isaatii adda waraanatti hirmaachun fakkeenyuman ha lolu. Maaloo meeshaa keessan lafa kaahaa. Lakki lubbu kiyya gaggessitootaf jedhe hin dabarsu jedha.

Nagayaa waliin: Sooshal Aktivistoota irraa.

#SayNoToWarEthiopia

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SayNoToWarEthiopia – Afaan Oromo

SayNoToWarEthiopia – አማርኛ

SayNoToWarEthiopia – Somali

#SayNoToWarEthiopia – አማርኛ

#SayNoToWarEthiopia – አማርኛ

ሊታተም የሚችል ፒዲኤፍ ያውርዱl

ለተከበራችሁ የመከላከያ፣የፖሊስ፣የልዩ ሓይል፣የሚሊሻ አባላት እና ሌሎች ታጣቂዎች፣

ጉዳዩ፥ ስለ አለመዝመት ይመለከታል።

አትዝመቱ!

መሪዎቻችን በጭቆና እና በችጋር ውስጥ እንድንኖር  ያደርጋሉ:: እነሱ በተንደላቀቀ ቦታ ከአደጋ ነፃ ሆነው ከጦር ሜዳው ርቀው ይቀመጣሉ::

ወደ ጦርነት አትሂዱ: ህይወታችሁን አደጋ ውስጥ አትክተቱ::

ስለ ልጆቻችሁ ሚስቶቻችሁ ቤተሰባችሁ አስቡ::

በየትኛውም ጦርነት ማንም ከ ማንም ጋር ቢገጥም የሚጎዳው ምንም የሌለው ምስኪኑ ደሀው ነው::

 የመሪዎች ቤተሰብና ልጆች ግን ምንም አደጋ ላይ አይወድቁም ከጦርነቱ ይጠቀማሉ እንጂ::

መንግስት ጦርነት ከፈለገ እራሳቸው መሪዎቹ ግንባር ላይ ፊት ገብተው ይዋጉ::

እባካችሁ መሳርያችሁን ጣሉ: እምቢ  ለመሪዎች ህይወቴን አልሰጥም በሉ::

ከሰላምታ ጋር፣

ሶሻል ሚድያ አክቲቭስቶች#SayNoToWarEthiopia

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SayNoToWarEthiopia – Afaan Oromo

SayNoToWarEthiopia – Somali

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#SayNoToWarEthiopia

To the Defense, Police, Special Forces, Militia Members and others Armed forces,

The issue is not about traveling. Don’t go !

Our leaders make us live in oppression and poverty. They stay safe in a comfortable place away from the battlefield.

Don’t go to war, don’t risk your life.

Think about your children, your wives and your family.

In any war, no matter whom against whom, it is the ordinary people who are dying.

But the family and children of the leaders are not in any danger, they are benefiting from the war.

If the government wants a war, let the leaders themselves go to war.

Please drop your weapons and refuse to give your life to the leaders.

best regards,

Social Media Activists

Eyes on Starbucks: Don’t Fund Tigray Genocide!

By the members of Horn Anarchists

Since November 2020, Ethiopian federal and allied military forces have carried out a genocidal campaign of political repression in the Tigray region. Indiscriminate bombings, mass executions, rape as a tool of war. Food supplies devastated adding starvation to the arsenal. Refugees are prevented from fleeing these horrors. Communications and outside aid have been cut off.

Tigrayan men holding a small portable radio trying to hear news, despite the information blackout.

Outside the region, Tigrayan people have faced escalating discrimination and violence due to their ethnicity. They have lost jobs and had passports canceled. Social media is filled with a cocktail of propaganda standard for modern genocidal regimes: open government hate propaganda mixes cleanly with legions of unquestioning supporters and puppet account networks.

Responding to calls from Tigrayans and other groups facing violent repression from the Ethiopian state, a decentralized, global effort is underway to stop this genocidal conflict. This means building real solidarity, beyond borders and nations.

We must also dismantle the Ethiopian state’s ability to wage this war. One way is to cut into the state’s biggest source of direct funding and foreign currency revenue: coffee. A major buyer around the globe is Starbucks. The corporation regularly engages in direct negotiations with the Ethiopian state, whose direct control of trademark licensing and access to markets puts millions into the government’s coffers. Those in solidarity around the world must take action to cut off this flow while the genocide continues.

A History of Empire

Tigrayan people are not the first to face intense repression within Ethiopia’s empire. The borders of modern Ethiopia are home to dozens of indigenous groups. The formation of central states over thousands of years has brought conflict as the Empires dominant groups have sought to impose their culture more widely. The Ethiopian Empire which resisted most European colonial encroachment in the 19th and 20th century was itself dominated by an ethnic Amharic elite.

The last Emperor Haile Selassie oversaw sometimes brutal attempts to forge an Ethiopian nationalism based on Amharic culture. When he was overthrown in the 1970s, these policies continued and reached new horrors under the following Marxist-Leninist military Derg government.

Derg government officials in military uniforms.

National Liberation oriented parties and military organizations based in Tigray, Eritrea, Oromia and other regions united to overthrew the Derg by 1991 and established a system of “ethnic federalism.”

Nine states were established on the basis of ethnic self-determination. But a degree of greater equality between ethnic groups did not end ethnic conflict. The inability to represent the messy and overlapping geography of various groups, as well as the numerous groups too small to receive their own region, provided fuel for further conflict. Ethnic conflict became intimately intertwined with political disputes.

The Oromo, the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, have faced systemic discrimination for decades. An Oromo-based party central to overthrowing the Derg was pushed out of the new governing coalition early on. Despite some new autonomy within the ethnic federalist system, discrimination remains widespread, and massive protests have been met with violent reprisals as recently as last year. Many politicized Oromo are today advocate ending the Ethiopian Empire altogether.

Oromo woman in beaded traditional attire.

Recently, a new governing coalition was formed when the largest Tigrayan party (TPLF) exited the government. The rest of the former coalition merged to form the new Prosperity Party under Abiy Ahmed. The present government seeks to dismantle “ethnic federalism” in favor of a centralized state promoting a unified “Ethiopian” identity. Powerful ethnic-based political parties are a significant obstacle to this goal. To secure victory in its political agenda, Abiy’s government has made all Tigrayan people synonymous with the TPLF political party in the view of the country’s mass media and war machine, launching an all-out struggle against both.

Abiy’s construction of a nationalist base at home has been complimented by his efforts to secure support abroad. In a piece of bitter irony, he was given the Nobel Peace Prize for bringing a decades long conflict with the totalitarian government of neighboring Eritrea to an end. Violent struggle had simmered since Eritrea’s secession from Ethiopia following the collapse of the Derg. The presence of Eritrean political refugees in Tigray and ongoing resentment over the previous war made Abiy’s peace partners an ideal collaborator in genocide. Eritrean ground forces have been responsible for some of the most horrific massacres, plundering, and destruction of the countryside.

Coffee Grows Empire

Any present-day empire building project in Ethiopia needs a fervent nationalist base. Yet in the modern global system, Ethiopia’s empire is but a small and sometimes exploited player. Projecting  necessitates extensive foreign capital and support. Drones bombing civilian towns, bullets digging mass graves, media infrastructure to justify it all. This requires cash.

Some of this may come in the form of foreign aid, or the loans neocolonial institutions like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund are currently trying to approve. For the Ethiopian state, though, much of their  cash comes from commodity export. King of Ethiopia’s exports is a crop it originated: coffee. A billion US dollars, 30% of the country’s total exports, sent to eighty countries around the world. 

The central state has a heavy, lucrative hand in the trade. It manages commodity exchange markets. It carries out direct diplomacy and negotiations with major buyers. The Ethiopian state even holds several international trademarks on the names of notable Ethiopian coffee. Companies selling specialty coffee using these names must pay the government a licensing fee.

Securing this funding pipeline is vital to the Ethiopian state’s functioning.

Take Action

Campaigners against the ongoing genocide in Tigray have called for a boycott of Ethiopian coffee in order to cut into Abiy Ahmed’s war chest. Among the largest and most visible buyers globally is Starbucks. The company purchases tens of millions USD of Ethiopian coffee annually, only a fraction of which makes it directly to farmers. During an ongoing genocide, this money fuels death.

We are calling for a global action against Starbucks to demand they cease purchase of Ethiopian coffee while the military occupation of Tigray continues.

We encourage solidarity in the form of a diversity of tactics from comrades around the world.

What can you do to spread the message about stopping the genocide in Tigray and take direct action against Starbucks?

  • Get a few friends to do some flyering, wheatpasting, graffiti, and/or banner drops.
  • Hold picket lines of stores, perhaps collaborating with workers.
  • Can you organize a large march locally, or small autonomous action against a Starbucks store at night.
  • Is your city home to an Ethiopian or Eritrean embassy or consulate? Consider whether you might include it in your action.

If you live in one of many areas around the world with Tigray, Oromo, and other diaspora communities, please reach out. Many major cities have a local community center and have been holding their own protests against the current government’s actions. Look for these events, often on social media, and join in solidarity.

Resources

Visit @HornAnarchists (https://twitter.com/HornAnarchists) on twitter or check out the social media hashtag #TigrayGenocide (https://twitter.com/search?q=%23tigraygenocide) for further updates.

An Ethiopian Anarchist Perspective on Tigray (https://thefinalstrawradio.noblogs.org/post/2021/03/14/an-ethiopian-anarchist-perspective-on-the-warin-tigray/)

Omna Tigray (https://omnatigray.org/)
Ethiopia Map (https://twitter.com/mapethiopia)
Deforestation crisis: https://bit.ly/3sDs39N
Tigray is Being Deliberately Starved
Health facilities targeted in Tigray region, Ethiopia https://bit.ly/3sFJUgq